AUTISM SUPPORT NETWORK/
AUTISM SOCIETY ONTARIO
(YORK REGION CHAPTER)
THE BACK-TO-SCHOOL ISSUE
Volume 1; Issue 6
August 24, 2001
Mainstreaming in Classrooms
(The following is meant for children to read. Given the subject matter, it could be a useful tool to present to your ASD child's teacher, so that she can pass it out to all the NT kids in the class)
world is made up of many different kinds of people. There are people with
different skin colors, different religions, different hairstyles, different
accents, and different learning abilities (just to name a few!). Yet, despite
all their differences, people somehow manage to work together successfully.
That's what makes the world go 'round!
to get along with all different kinds of people is one of the keys to being
successful in life. School helps you do this. Mainstreaming and inclusion in
classrooms allows you to work with and get to know all different types of kids.
Read our article to understand how learning with others helps everyone.
is an educational method that says a classroom should include many different
kinds of learners. The term "mainstreaming" was first used in the
1970s and describes the education of students with disabilities with those who
do not have disabilities. In a
mainstreamed classroom, all kids, including gifted
kids and children
with disabilities, learn together in the same classroom. Mainstreaming is now
more commonly known as inclusion, and many school systems today are using
inclusion in their districts. Is your school mainstreamed?
finish the article, copy/paste this URL into your browser: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=&article_set=22988
Meetings with schools.......
by BBB Autism Member Becca Lynn
what I do when first meeting with a new school.... I've modified it over time
with each new school that I've dealt with but this is the basic starting point
that has the greatest success for us....
1. One very short outline (approximately one page) on each child covering the most important Past and Present Issues/goals/Concerns. On this I list in point form (as much as possible) those areas of greatest importance. The reason I do this is because hitting the school with a huge quantity of information can cause what is most important to become lost in the information.... Point form is great because they can put it on the top of the file, pull it out, check it and move down the list quickly.....
In my experience it is best to give more detailed information after I have gotten to know the school and the teachers involved with my children. There are two reasons for this:
1. after I've built a positive relationship with the teacher/school official they are far more likely to carefully read the information that I send.....
2. it gives me time to understand their personality, their teaching style, past knowledge dealing with special needs children, and their relationship with my child..... All-important elements in determining what information the teacher needs access to and what directions to start encouraging the teacher to move in. It is my rock solid belief that IPP plans need to be individualized to suit not just the child but the individual teacher's style who is teaching my child that year. In my experience this has led to the greatest degree of success for my children.....
3. Plus it is extremely important to discover what knowledge they already possess. One because no one likes it when you assume they as professionals do not have certain knowledge.... and two because if they do have knowledge it usually works best if you lead them towards what you want and let them think it is their own idea. They want to feel proud for being educational professionals and being able to come up with helpful ideas.... Everybody is like that actually I believe - part of regular human nature.
The most important point that I try to keep solidly in mind is it is not important to be right.... what's important is to get my child's needs met. Sometimes that takes more time and a great deal of energy put into relationship building..... but the results are better in the long run.....
" Back to School, 2001"
As September approaches, parents are switching their
focus from summer programming to thoughts of the coming school year---- " The
Happ- Happiest Time of the Year" according to the Business Depot
commercial!!!!!! But for parents of exceptional students, this school year often
raises doubts and anxiety about programming and services; about suspensions and
expulsions; about funding and cutbacks; about attitudes and
Here are some reflections to help you get "back
to school" in a positive, constructive and pro-active manner:
To read the rest of Lindsay Moir's article,
copy/paste this URL into your browser: http://www3.sympatico.ca/l.moir/bts2001.htm
to Prepare For School
From your Parenting Special Needs Guide http://specialchildren.about.com/index.htm
for a New School Year
Provide a current list of medical needs.
Provide a current list of medications, along with the medications in
their original bottles.
Visit the classroom and meet the teacher ahead of time.
Arrange to have any medical equipment delivered to the school in advance.
If your child requires an associate, meet with the associate in advance.
Contact the school in regard to your child's bus or transportation needs.
Provide the school with information in regard to feeding issues.
Provide the school with a list of your child's likes and dislikes.
Provide the school with any information that is relevant to providing
your child comfort.
Helpful Back-to-School Hints from REAL Parents
Submitted by BBB Autism members Khris, Becca, Liz, Gabrielle, Diana and ‘Snowmat’
For Your Child
A has a home ABA program, and we have been able to get permission to go into the school this summer. We just live down the street from the school. So every day, the therapists are walking Alex down to school, spending time in his classroom etc. He will still have to adjust to all the people in September, but we feel this is an excellent start for him.
uses a picture activity schedule book, for his walk (to the school), so he is
independently able to see what he has to do next. Hang up backpack etc.
I have prepared his new teacher by giving her as much information as I could. She has been to the daycare to see A there, so she knows what to expect. She has been invited to come to our home and see his home program but we have not heard from her yet. but I expect she will come. She seems to be a great teacher!
We also have a unique opportunity to send our instructor therapist to school with A for the first few weeks to help his transition. She will be there to help teach the aide and teacher how to cope and teach A.
use simple repetitive language to get J. ready for the bus. I use phrases like
"Where's the bus" and "Here's the bus".
When difficult transitions are looming, we try to use photos and/or PECS.
J. will be eating lunch away from home for the first time in September. I will be presenting his lunch here, in school lunch style...in a lunch box, with Baggies etc.
J. wears a harness on the bus for his safety and that of others. It actually seems to provide him with deep pressure, which keeps him calm. He also loves when the bus driver plays the radio so he can sing along!
We homeschool our son and are already doing most of what we will be doing come September (minus a few curriculum books and hopefully a weekly class).
your child to the school during the summer months. Getting them used to the
building and encouraging play on the playground. This helps your child feel more
Play school at home during the summer months so that he/she gets used to the idea of some of the routines.
Find the walk route (if your are walking) and get your child used to walking the route during the summer months.
Find out if your child has any specific fears and address those. For example there can be a fear of going to the bathroom and how that is supposed to happen. Autistic Spectrum Children need to know exactly.
Can you and your child meet their new teacher the week before school starts? This often makes children feel far more comfortable. And the teacher too - so he/she can understand exactly who the special needs child is that is coming into their class.
Buses - Will your child be riding a bus? Has he/she done this before? Take the time to take a lot of bus rides on the city bus if possible. This will help prepare your child.
Try to create a school obsession. Talk about school a lot and the good experiences that you had there (yes I know some of us had bad experiences - and a lot). If you have a drawer try to encourage drawings of the school, playground, teachers, new school classmates and buses. Anything to do with the school.
Introduce your child to their new teacher ahead of time
Plan a "drive-by" and playground visit to the new school.
boys are going to be in 2nd and 4th grade. We do meet the teacher and I always
give a little "talk" with the teacher about the sensory issues. Public
school has always been tough - long day, lots of sensory stuff. I tell them to
let the boys sit on the outsides of the group, the back in line, they don't like
field trips, to sit them away from windows and vents and things like this. Our
biggest thing at the moment is lunchtime. Our boys were on the GFCF diet last
year for a while until we switched to using Peptizyde for the dairy/gluten
foods. Peptizyde is a digestive enzyme and is therefore classified as a food,
BUT the school nurse wants a doctor's note (won't take my permission). They are
not supposed to take ANYTHING unless the nurse gives it to them and she wants a
note. The boys take their lunch a few days a week and I put the enzymes in their
lunchbox, but at our school the hot lunch kids sit separately from the cold
lunch kids. My kids want to sit with their friends sometimes. So I now (after
haggling with our dr) can get a note saying they need these, however to go to
the nurse's office they have to get out of the lunch line (you have to sit in
the same order as you are in the lunch line). An odd thing to be dealing with at
the moment. It would be a lot more hassle to require the school to provide a
GFCF lunch everyday and I am going to point that out and ask them to come up
with some suggestions.
The other issue would be the bus. I had them cope with the bus for a couple of years now and this year I am going to drive them when possible (we only live a mile away so it isn't a big deal). The stress of the bus ride seems to cause much more problems than me driving them, even though they ride for only 20 minutes each way. So those are our plans at the moment.
For The School, Teachers, Aides, etc.
Informational Packets - outlining your child's strengths and weakness, particular idiosyncrasies, and strategies that he/she responds to. One for each person involved with your child.
Preliminary meeting with school officials as a ‘get to know each other’ meeting. This is a time for making friends rather than driving home points. Making friends first provides a foundation upon which it becomes easier to get your child's needs met. Its really good if you can target one person to bond with who can act as a spokesperson for your child.
expect the new school to be like your old or even have the same challenges. Find out what the challenges are that
this particular school faces and find out what motivates each of the people
working with your child. Why they went into the profession, what challenges they
have faced and what has caused them the most disillusionment. Understanding
others is the first step upon which hubby and I base a relationship that enables
others to want to achieve the most for our special needs children.
Second meeting should be set within two to three weeks. Problems can be immediately nipped in the bud. This is when you start dealing with specifics and details of situations. But it’s important to keep nurturing the friendship aspect of the parent/school relationship. This is always your most important tool.
Give your child time to grieve the old school while pointing out positive aspects of the new. It may take awhile for your child to grieve the old school but this doesn't have to mean that he/she will not begin to accept and even embrace the new school if you work hard to bring about a positive attitude and atmosphere.
Introduction Letter to the Teacher
Kids with learning disabilities and/or ADHD are often anxious about starting a new school year. Ease your child's fears by sending a letter to your child's teacher before school starts. This will give you the opportunity to describe your child's strengths and interests and set up a meeting to discuss any problem areas.
Use this two-page worksheet to figure out what you want to put in your letter. If you don't have the teacher's home address, just mail it to your child's school or ask the school department to forward it on.
Read the rest of the article by
copy/pasting this URL into your browser: http://familyeducation.com/printables/package/0,2358,23-16353,00.html?eld_h08133
Also read a great intro to school letter by BBB Member Roni: http://www.bbbautism.com/school_letter.htm
Law and Education: http://www.schoolpsychology.net/p_02.html#law
School Website Registry: http://web66.coled.umn.edu/schools.html
(Written for Kids)
Back to School: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=&article_set=22396
Do When You Don't Like School: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=&article_set=22357
Real Deal on Repeating a Grade: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=&article_set=22017
It's Good to Have Friends: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=&article_set=22510
Diversity, Prejudice, and Tolerance: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=&article_set=20760
to School: http://familyeducation.com/whatworks/item/group-index/0,2554,1-14376-All,00.html
Consulting: Special Needs Consultants: http://www3.sympatico.ca/l.moir/
the Needs of Challenged Teens; The High School Years: http://specialchildren.about.com/library/weekly/aa072100a.htm
School Stress: http://stress.about.com/cs/backtoschool/index.htm
for Teaching People with High Functioning Autism: http://www.udel.edu/bkirby/asperger/moreno_tips_for_teaching.html
Basics for Parents: http://nichcy.org/pubs/basicpar/bp1txt.htm
for the New School Year - Vaccination Choices: http://autism.about.com/library/weekly/aa081501a.htm
Back to School (About.com): http://autism.about.com/library/weekly/aa080501a.htm
School Violence: http://www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=107&cat_id=&article_set=21726
Packable Lunches Kids Love: http://familyeducation.com/article/0,1120,44-17915,00.html?esc_h08133
o Fast Week-Night Dinners for Busy People: http://busycooks.about.com/sitesearch.htm?terms=quick+suppers&SUName=busycooks&type=0&TopNode=3042
IEP: Individualized Education Program
(Check out our entire issue devoted to IEPs here:
Every child who is classified as learning-disabled must receive an IEP (individualized education program). The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) developed a fact sheet on frequently asked questions about an IEP:
What is an individualized education program (IEP)?
An individualized education program (IEP) is a written statement of the
educational program designed to meet your child's special needs. The program
should include statements of your child's strengths as well as weaknesses and
should describe the instructional program developed specifically for your child.
The IEP has two purposes: 1) to establish the learning goals for your child; and
2) to state the services that the school district is required to provide. The
law requires that every child receiving special-education services have an IEP,
and states that their parents have the right to receive their own copy of this
document. It is important that you keep a copy of your child's IEP in order to
check on your child's progress and treatment.
Who develops my child's IEP?
According to the law, the participants present at the IEP meeting should include
Your child's teacher (s). (If your child has more than one teacher, your state
may specify in the law which teacher should participate).
A representative of the public agency other than your child's teacher.
You, the parent -- one or both.
Your child, when appropriate.
Other individuals that might make the discussion more helpful, at your
discretion or at the discretion of the child's school.
What is included in an IEP?
According to the law, an IEP must include the following statements regarding
His present level of educational performance, which could include comments on
academic achievement, social adaptation, prejob and job skills, sensory and
motor skills, self-help skills, speech and language skills, a transition plan
(for those students age 14 1/2 or older) based on the documented evaluations.
Specific special education and related services to be provided and who will
Projected dates for the initiation and duration of special services.
Percentage of the school day in which your child will participate in regular
Short-term instructional objectives (individual steps that make up the goals).
Appropriate objective criteria and evaluation procedures to be used to measure
your child's progress toward these goals on at least an annual basis.
Is it the school's responsibility to ensure that my child reaches all the goals
in his IEP?
No. The IEP is a guideline or individualized instruction, not a contract. The
school is responsible only for providing the instructional services described in
What occurs during an IEP meeting?
The IEP meeting is scheduled for the purpose of developing a student's IEP. It
is usually held at the child's school. The meeting takes place after the
specialists have tested your child and recorded the test results. Your child's
assessment results are usually explained at the IEP meeting. The specialists
will explain what they did, why they administered the tests they did, the
results of your child's tests, and what your child's scores mean when compared
to other children of the same age and in the same grade. When possible, ask for
the test results prior to the IEP meeting so that you will be familiar with them
at the time of the discussion.
the IEP meeting, you will be asked to share with the school the special things
that you know about your child, including how your child behaves and gets along
with others outside of school. You will be asked to present an overview of your
child's school experiences and personal life. Everyone involved will then have a
better idea of your child's needs.
on the basis of the information discussed in the meeting and the results of the
assessment, it is decided that your child is in need of special education or
related services, an IEP must be developed. As a parent, you should understand
why the school proposes the intervention it does. Before you sign the IEP, ask
questions until you are sure that you understand what is being stated. You may
request a review or revision of the IEP at any time.
you cannot attend the IEP meeting, school personnel are required to maintain
records showing how they tried to find a time and place convenient for you. If
neither parent can attend the meeting, the school must inform you by telephone
or by mail of the meeting's outcome.
law provides for the changing needs and growth of children. At least once a
year, whether you request it or not, a meeting must be scheduled with you to
review your child's progress and to develop your child's next IEP. A full
reevaluation must occur every three years. A reevaluation may occur more often
if you or your child's teachers request it; however, it cannot be scheduled more
than once a year.
What should I do before an IEP meeting?
You can prepare for your child's IEP meeting by looking realistically at your
child's strengths and weaknesses, visiting your child's class, and talking to
your child about his feelings about school. It is a good idea to write down your
ideas regarding what you think your child will be able to accomplish during the
school year. Also, make notes about what you want to contribute during the
What should I do during the IEP meeting?
As a parent, you are a crucial member of your child's IEP team. Listen carefully
to the results of the tests, and make sure you understand what the tests are
meant to measure and how the performance of your child compares to other
children of the same age. Share with the team members any special information
about your child, how she feels about school and how she gets along with family
members. If you hear something about your child that surprises you or is
different from the way you perceive your child, bring this to the attention of
the other team members. In addition to sharing your feelings about your child's
educational needs, consult with the other members of the team to make sure the
best possible program for your child is designed.
KEYS TO PARENTING A CHILD WITH A LEARNING DISABILITY, by Barry E. McNamara,
ED.D., Francine J. McNamara, M.S.W., C.S.W., Barron's, 1995.
A SPOONFUL OF HUMOR
study consent form
We want to do a case study evaluation on your child because he/she is having BIG trouble at school. He/She can't (check all that apply):
Go potty alone
Play without biting___ staff____ students
All of the above.
We want to find out why your child is such a mess. We suspect that it may be your fault, but we need to know for sure. A whole bunch of professional people are going to spend hours and hours with you and your child, pulling him/her out of class, pulling you out of your job, and generally disrupting your schedule and your life.
Eventually we will get done. Don't ask us when because we really don't know. Honestly, we are doing the very best we can. If you fuss at us about how long it takes, we may have to start all over.
When we get done, we will meet with you at a mutually inconvenient time. There will be 172 sheets of paper on the table and we will pass them around and around, and you will get to sign them again and again. You might get dizzy. If yours is the last meeting of the day, the staff will definitely be dizzy. In fact, if we start talking about some other
child, please show us a picture of your child so we know who to talk about. We'll make an attempt to explain everything to you at the meeting. Don't worry if you don't understand all the abbreviations, we will provide you with an acronym dictionary at the meeting to interrupt the terms we use to describe your child.
At the end of this, we will all have some new and exciting ideas for you and the teachers to try. And, we will all live happily ever after, or at least until it is time for the annual review, and then we will start all over again.
sign here to show you really meant it the first time______________
child advocate signature___________________
parent advocate signature___________________
permission to place a lien on your home___________________
mothers from hell 2: http://www.mothersfromhell2.org/humor/
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Issue 1 WELCOME ISSUE!
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Issue 3 SPOUSAL CONCERNS ISSUE
Issue 4 SENSORY INTEGRATION
Volume 1; Issue 5 CHALLENGING BEHAVIORS
BBB PARENT GUIDES
CONTAINS PRACTICAL INFORMATION BY PARENTS FOR PARENTS Available on request, e-mail mailto:email@example.com and ask for: (now available in PDF format)
2. Epsom Salts (long version)
3. Epsom Salts (condensed)
4. Pros and Cons of telling your ASD child his/her diagnosis
5. How we advocate for our children
6. Guide to holidays and large family gatherings
A notice to our readers...
The founders of this newsletter and the BBB Autism support club are not physicians.
This newsletter references books and other web sites that may be of interest to the reader. The editor makes no presentation or warranty with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained on any of these web sites or in the books, and specifically disclaims any liability for any information contained on, or omissions from, these books or web sites. Reference to these web sites or books herein shall not be construed to be an endorsement of these web sites or books or of the information contained thereon, by the editor.
The editor reserves the right to make decisions as to whether contributions are appropriate with respect to content, length, etc. We will not publish offensive material using foul language, or contributions that are inflammatory or disrespectful to decisions by other parents (i.e. therapies). We do not generally accept contributions if they are ads for private service agencies/clinics. We are also unable to accept contributions after an issue has been completed. We reserve the right to edit content, but will inform you in advance if we are going to do this. J
(c) BBB Autism – August 2001
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